NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 3 – As president of the Sanctions Committee for North Korea Italy is fully committed to the effective implementation of resolution 2321 adopted by the UN Security Council on November 30 and is ready to engage in outreach activities, to foster a better understanding of the sanctions regime and the exchange of information with UN Member States on a regular basis. Italy’s UN Permanent Representative Sebastiano Cardi briefed the membership on Thursday offering a full survey of the new measures approved last year to convince Pyongyang to renounce its nuclear program.
Italy sits in the Security Council since January 1 and Cardi has inherited the presidency of the Sanctions Committee for North Korea from the Spanish Ambassador Oyarzun Marchesi.
Cardi stressed that the ultimate goal of the sanctions is to facilitate the achievement of a peaceful and comprehensive solution, and in this perspective resolution 2321 (2016) reaffirms the Council’s support to the Six Party Talks, calling for their resumption. The resolution aims to persuade the DPRK to return to the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and to halt its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs by agreeing to the complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. “It should also be recalled that the targeted measures are not intended to have adverse humanitarian consequences for the civilian population of the DPRK”, Cardi pointed out.
The briefing came a month ahead of the deadline for the presentation of the national reports on the implementation of the resolution, the second adopted in 2016, after two nuclear tests and 20 launches of ballistic missiles.
Resolution 2321 clarified and strengthened existing measures while adding new provisions such as a ban on the DPRK export of copper, nickel, silver and zinc; as well as the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer to the DPRK of new helicopters and vessels and procurement of statues from the DPRK, except as approved in advance by the Committee on a case-by-case basis.
The Council decision authorizes Member States to seize and dispose of prohibited items that are identified in inspections, in a manner consistent with their obligations under the Council’s resolutions and other international norms.
It calls upon Member States to reduce the number of staff at DRPK diplomatic missions and consular posts, and decides that States shall limit the bank accounts and property usage by DPRK diplomatic and consular representations. The resolution also urges Member States to be vigilant about the practice of the DPRK sending its nationals to work in other States for the purpose of earning hard currency for its nuclear and ballistic missile programs, as well as using bulk cash to evade sanctions. (@OnuItalia)