ROME, MARCH 24 – Following up an appeal form the government of Madagascar, Italy decided to send an humanitarian multilateral emergency contribution to the International Federation of the Red Cross (FICROSS) to support water distribution and health services initiatives to the local communities devastated by cyclon Enawo.
The Italian support will allow emergency programs to assistito over 25,ooo people who have lost their homes. On its behalf the Red Cross committed to direct the aid to the most vulnerable segments of the population.
Cyclone Enawo struck the coast of Madagascar as a Category 4 cyclone on 7 March, causing extensive damage due to high winds and flooding in northeastern parts of the country. Between 8 and 10 March, the cyclone traced an arc nearly the length of the island nation, bringing heavy rainfall and flooding to central and southeastern areas.
At least a quarter of a million people in the worst-affected areas require urgent life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection in the storm’s wake. The Government has declared a national emergency and requested international support. On March 23 the United Nations and humanitarian partners appealed for US$20 million to address the devastating consequences of the storm.
“Despite the fact that 200,000 square kilometres covering half of Madagascar’s 22 regions have been affected, the country will not be left behind. Together, the international community, the Malagasy people, the government and all stakeholders will overcome the challenges posed by Enawo,” said said Bary Rafatrolaza, Deputy Foreign Minister of Madagascar.
Already suffering livelihood losses due to delayed rains, the most vulnerable families in the cyclone-affected areas urgently require assistance to re-establish access to clean water and sanitation, rebuild damaged homes, and replace lost food supplies. Immediately after the storm, families reported having only two to three weeks of food remaining, while the crops they had managed to plant were swept away by flood waters.
Up to 85 per cent of planted subsistence crops were lost in some areas, while more than 1,300 wells – the major source of household water – are flooded and contaminated. More than 100 health centres and 3,300 classrooms were damaged by the cyclone.
Of the nearly 250,000 people who sought shelter in evacuation centres during the storm, more than 5,300 of the most vulnerable have no home to return to and remain in displacement sites. (@OnuItalia)