NEW YORK, MAY 8 – “After almost 25 years debating the creation of new permanent members, it is time to give a concrete chance to this reform process by exploring alternative and compromise approaches, and offer real prospects to those groups of States and regions of the world under-represented in the Council, the Italian Permanent Representative to the UN Sebastiano Cardi said today, speaking on behalf of the group Uniting for Consensus, during a General Assembly Informal Meeting on the Intergovernmental Negotiations on the Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council.
“Regional representation and fair geographical distribution is the key for more democratic Security Council”, the Italian Ambassador said stressing that “in this way, we will increase the Council’s legitimacy in the eyes of both the general membership and the international public opinion, thus enhancing its authority and, ultimately, its effectiveness”.
The Ambassador recalled the compromise proposal offered by the UfC for a new Security Council consisting of twenty-six members with the following regional distribution of the twenty-one non-permanent members, including those with a longer term:
– 6 seats to the African group, which would amount to 29% of elected members and 100% increase in African regional representation on the Council;
– 5 seats to the Asia-Pacific group, 24% of elected members and 150% increase in Asia-Pacific regional representation;
– 4 seats to the Latin America and Caribbean group, 19% of elected members and 100% increase in GRULAC regional representation;
– 3 seats to the Western European and Others group, 14% of elected members and 50% increase in WEOG regional representation;
– 2 seats to the Eastern European group, 9% of elected members and 100% increase in Eastern European regional representation;
– 1 seat to rotate among existing regional groups, reserved for Small Island and Developing States (SIDS) and Small States, which is 5% of elected members and entirely new.
With regard to the rotating seat, he reiterated that it would not prevent SIDS and Small States from running for a seat within their regional group; it would instead be an additional way for them to gain access to the Security Council.
Furthermore, in terms of regional representation, Africa would become the first group in the reformed Council; Asia-Pacific would have the highest percent increase; while Latin America and Eastern Europe would double their representation. This distribution would also allow an increased and more stable representation to cross-regional groupings, such as the Arab group. (@OnuItalia)