NEW YORK, JUNE 11 – The Security Council will be briefed tomorrow (June 12) by the President of the Community of Sant’Egidio, Marco Impagliazzo, about the Italian Ngo’s mediation efforts in the Central African Republic. Impagliazzo will address the Council along with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for the CAR, Parfait Onanga-Anyanga, and by Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, Andrew Gilmour, on the human rights situation. The briefing will be followed by consultations.
Impagliazzo is expected to bring to the attention of the Council the closed-door session recently held with representatives of armed groups as part of efforts to support the peace process and encourage participation in the dialogue with the CAR government. Council members may discuss how the Council can support efforts to broaden participation in the political process, ensuring the inclusion of parliament, the 14 main armed groups, and community representatives. A related area of interest to Council members may be how to respond to the apparent fragmentation of armed groups and to support government efforts to negotiate with those groups with legitimate grievances, while resisting efforts by spoilers to hinder the process.
Onanga-Anyanga is expected to focus his briefing on the two main challenges currently facing the CAR and the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the CAR (MINUSCA): increasing attacks against civilians and MINUSCA personnel, and the difficulties still facing the political process. Council members continue to be concerned by the human rights situation in the CAR. Since early May there have been sustained reports of violence, displacing at least 88,000 people in May alone according to UNHCR. On 30 May, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights released an extensive report mapping human rights abuses in the CAR between 2003 and 2015, which had been requested in resolution 2301 of 26 July 2016. The report, and its conclusion that “many of the violations may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity”, is expected to be the focus of Gilmour’s briefing.
It’s the first time that a representative of Sant’Egidio briefs the Council. Impagliazzo was in New York to sign a Memorandum of Understanding with the UN Department of Political Affairs to establish opportunities of strategic cooperation in situation of crisis.
It’s a unprecedented alliance for peace. The agreement has its base on the successful initiatives for mediation and peace of Sant’Egidio, from Mozambique in the ’90s, to Burundi, from Cote d’Ivoire to Niger, from Kosovo to Bosnia and Guatemala, more recently in Senegal, the CAR and Libya. The role of the Italian Ngo was praised last September by then Secretary General Ban Ki moon: “With its inter-religious and inter-cultural character, Sant’Egidio reaffirms that only through dialogue and negotiation we can find sustainable solutions to violence.” (@OnuItalia)