NEW YORK, JUNE 18 – The Italian Minister of Justice Andrea Orlando will be in New York tomorrow to participate to an high level debate of the General Assembly on transnational organized crime. The debate has been organized by the President of the General Assembly, Peter Thomson, and by UNODC, in observance of the 25th anniversary of the assassination of the Italian judge Giovanni Falcone at Capaci, near Palermo, on May 23 1992.
The debate will be followed by two interactive multi-stakeholder panel discussions, one in the morning and the other one in the afternoon. Anti-Mafia and Anti-Terrorism Chief Prosecutor in Italy, Mr. Franco Roberti, will be among the panelists in the afternoon Panel Discussion which will focus on “Current gaps, emerging trends and new challenges in crime prevention and criminal justice.” There will be a brief ceremony honoring Judge Falcone. Maria Falcone, the Judge’s sister and the president of the Giovanni and Francesca Falcone Foundation, is expected to attend.
Focus of the debate will be the implementation of the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime (the so called Palermo Convention) and an highligh of emerging trends and challenges in crime prevention and criminal justice with their impact on sustainable development.
Italian Judge Falcone, who dedicated his life and work to fighting organized crime, took part in the very first meeting of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in April 1992. He, his wife Francesca Morvillo, and three policemen were killed a month later by a roadside bomb planted by the Mafia.
Falcone’s assassination galvanized the international community and led the General Assembly to endorse Italy’s proposal to host the first international conference on transnational organized crime. The outcome of that conference was the Palermo Convention (UNTOC), which came into force in December 2003, and has 187 states parties today. Japan is about to become the 188 party after the passage, on 23 May, of enabling legislation by the lower house of the Diet: is a positive step towards Japan joining the 187 governments which are already parties to UNTOC.
“I look forward to the day when there is universal ratification of this Convention, which is the essential foundation for promoting international cooperation in addressing crime’s many continuing and emerging challenges”, the head of UNODC, Yury Fedotov, said ahead of the New York UNGA meeting.
The Convention is supplemented by three Protocols that target specific areas and manifestations of organized crime. The debate ij New York will focus on the priorities, gaps and emerging issues that require further attention and the nexus between the Convention and the sustainable development agenda, both from the point of view of national policies and of international cooperation. (@OnuItalia)