NEW YORK, JUNE 28 – Last year represented a significant step forward for efforts to prevent non-State actors from acquiring and using weapons of mass destruction. It is important that we now build upon that momentum, the Italian Deputy permanent Representative Inigo Lambertini told a Security Council open debate on Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction.
“UNSCRs 1540 (2004) and 2325 (2016) constitute central pillars of the international non-proliferation architecture as well as key instruments to avoid that the most dangerous materials in the world fall into the wrong hands. The report of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons-United Nations Joint Investigative Mechanism has proven and confirmed the use of chemical weapons by both State and non-State actors”, Lambertini said, stressing that the rapid advances in science and technology as well as the globalization of commercial, logistical and economic transactions make it harder for States to control proliferation activities, and enable terrorists to take advantage of transnational criminal networks to gain access to WMD.
“In this regard, more attention should be also paid in relation to the so called “intangible transfers of technology” (ITT), reflected both in resolution 2325 (2016) and in the program of work of the 1540 Committee. Strengthening cooperation and the exchange of experience in the areas of border control, surveillance of financial flows and Internet networks, as well as legal assistance, are today growingly important. Similarly, an enhanced protection of critical infrastructure relevant to the non-proliferation of WMDs from the increasing risk of cyberattacks is more important than ever”. (@OnuItalia)