ADDIS ABABA, SEPTEMBER 9 – Addressing the root causes of terrorism, human rights and development are all important to the stabilization of Somalia, as was the development of a strong national police, the Italian Permanent Representative to the UN Sebastiano Cardi said during the 11th joint consultative meeting of the Security Council with the AU Peace and Security Council (AU PSC) in the Ethiopian Capital of Addis Ababa.
Somalia was one of the issues on the agenda. The UK and Italy spoke on behalf of the UN Council. In its remarks, the UK Ambassador Matthew Rycroft stressed that, although there had been progress, serious challenges remained such as Al-Shabaab, which continues to pose a serious threat to Somalia. According to Security Council Report, which has published elements from the meeting, it seems there was some convergence of views among members of both Councils on recent progress in Somalia, including the elections and the peaceful transfer of power.
The meeting started with statements by AU PSC chairperson, Ambassador Mamosadinyana Molefe (Botswana), and President of the Security Council, Ambassador Tekeda Alemu (Ethiopia) who held a press conference at the end. The AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, Smail Chergui, and UN Special Representative to the AU, Haile Menkerios, also made opening remarks. Besides Somalia, South Sudan and Lake Chad Basin were issues on the agenda. One point highlighted by Italy on the Lake Chad crisis was the link between terrorism, criminal activity and issues like trafficking of persons.
The co-chairs highlighted the areas of convergence on Somalia and South Sudan but were also frank in describing some of the differences. In reflecting on the meetings over the three day visit, according to Security Council Report, a number of Security Council members felt that there had been good discussions, particularly on Somalia and South Sudan. They noted that the discussions had been frank, and even though there were areas where it was clear that the Security Council was not united, there was a sense that it was good for the AU PSC members to see for themselves the positions of different Council members on these issues. (@OnuItalia)