NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 16 – Migration has always been part of human history, still the recent trends have been presented as “unprecedented” because of the extreme number involved, generated on one side by the avalanche of people from the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa
and on the other by the West’s demographic freeze, that “requires” immigrants and seems to have an “economic” need for them.
“Refugees and migrants: ideas and best practices between development cooperation and the need for security” is the call to action of the discussion organized next week at the United Nations by AVSI Foundation with the patronage of the Italian ministry of Foreign Affairs. While the international community is at work to develop a Global Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration, the international debate is getting more and more polarized between those who are open to welcome migrants and refugees and the ones who are afraid of new influxes and demand reinforced security measures. The debate’s goal on September 19 in Conference Room 12 is to share ideas and experiences, and to highlight best practices of partnership among different entities from the civil society, the private sector, the government systems at the local and national level.
Taking the floor in the meeting will be the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Angelino Alfano and the President of Avsi Foundation Giampaolo Silvestri. The panelist include Khemaies Jhinaoui, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Tunisia
Lorenzo Vidino Director of Program on Extremism at the George Washington University in Washington and Elena Riva President & Co- Owner of Panino Giusto.
It’s enough to consider that the European population in 1950 constituted 20% of the world’s population while in 2050 it will represent just 8%. In Africa, there are currently 450 million children aged under 15 years; in 2050, there will be 700 million. Migration is an issue on which different ideological positions collide, exacerbating public debate often beyond what is true, and rendering difficult to find workable solutions. The result is a polarization of public opinion leading to antagonistic and inconclusive reactions, for example “let them all in” against “send them all home”. To this one must add the actions of terrorists, that within or across borders, spread panic and make life difficult for those who are looking for the most appropriate measures to guarantee the level of security expected by citizens.
All these issues will be part of the discussion. The New York Declaration of
September 2016 and the commitment from the United Nations to launch a Global Compact by 2018 regarding migrants and one regarding refugees (introducing a clear distinction between these two “categories”) has given new impulse to the urgency of addressing the issue which concerns all Member States with a new awareness and with the involvement of the different parts of civil society.
In light of all these factors, to hold together global and local outlooks and avoid the risk of theoretical excesses, it is necessary to know what’s happening on the ground, in different regions,
where good practices and innovative models are being tested to deal with the arrival and presence of migrants and at the same time to guarantee safety. (@OnuItalia)