ROME, OCTOBER 11 – “At the root of Exodus: food Security, conflict and international migration”: a new report by the World Food Program was launched today at the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. WFP undertook this study to determine the role that food security and other factors play in compelling cross-border migration. Drawn from quantitative and qualitative research, the study gives voice to people who have left their countries of origin.
The Meeting opened with remarks by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Angelino Alfano, and by the new Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), David Beasley. “The world needs a wake-up call”, Beasley said. “If we don’t act now on the root causes of migrations the crisis will only become worse. The world population is projected to reach 9 billion people by 2050: in these condition it would be impossible to reach the zero hunger target by 2030”, the WFP chief said, paying tribute to “Italy’s voice and expertise: it is critical for the world”.
The world faces an unprecedented catastrophe unless urgent funding is provided now, not later, to assist some 20 million people in Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and Nigeria living on the brink of famine. The WFP estimated that some 600,000 children will die in the coming months unless they receive treatment and care. The spokesperson for the Italian Alliance for Sustainable Development (ASviS), Prof Enrico Giovannini, contextualised the report within the scope of the Agenda 2030. The presentation was followed by a debate involving the representatives of WFP, FAO, IFAD, OIM and UNHCR on the topics contained in the document.
The event closed with remarks by the President of the World Food Programme Italia, Vincenzo Sanasi d’Arpe. The event, promoted by WFP Italia and the ASviS, and sponsored by the Italian Development Cooperation service, was aimed at presenting to institutions, civil society organisations and the representatives of the Italian media the new report. The study analyses the impact that food insecurity and conflicts have on migration phenomena, drawing inspiration from interviews with migrants of ten different nationalities in the reception centres of five different countries: Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Italy and Greece. The Italian government allowed access to the Lampedusa hotspot.
The document highlights the two-way connections between migration, food security and peacekeeping, which are increasingly becoming the focus of humanitarian aid and development policies, in an increasingly integrated vision of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The hashtag on social networks is #fameemigrazioni. (@OnuItalia)