NEW YORK, NOVEMBER 7 – Regular election are the best guarantee that the UN Security Council will adapt to the reality in continuous transformation of the 21st century, with the constant emergence of new regional actors and new global challenges, the UN Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN Inigo Lambertini told the General Assembly Annual Debate on the Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council. “Elections would make the Security Council more democratic, accountable, and inclusive, by offering all Member States, rather than a select few, the opportunity to make a greater and more frequent contribution to the Council’s work”, Lambertini said addressing the Assembly in name of the group Uniting for Consensus.
The Italian delegate went back to the compromise formula that UfC tabled last Spring, consisting of longer-term non-permanent members with possibility of an immediate re-election, coupled with a more equitable distribution of seats among regional groups. “Our initiative is the fruit of an inclusive vision that we are firmly convinced would bring about a more representative, democratic, accountable, transparent and effective Council”, Lambertini said, adding that, after almost 25 years of focusing on demands for new permanent seats, which would benefit only a handful of Member States, it is high time to give a concrete chance to all Member States and offer real prospects to the groups of States and regions of the world that are under-represented in the Council: “We fail to see how a new Council could possibly be more effective, more responsive to international crises, and better able to cope with today’s global challenges through the addition of new vetoes”.
The President of the General Assembly Miroslav Lajcak opened the debate stressing that next year, the Open-ended Working Group will mark the 25th anniversary of its establishment, while we are also approaching our 10th year of intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council reform.: “The time for trying is up. Now is the time for action”, Lajcak said: “And, for our purposes, action means dialogue. Real dialogue. Real listening. And real interaction. Without these elements, this process will become nothing but a statement-reading exercise. And it will feature nothing but the repetition of well-known and static positions. In this case, what is the incentive for compromise? Where can convergences emerge from? And how can we ever move forward?”.
Today’s was the plenary’s first formal meeting on this topic in the 72nd session. 63 speakers were inscribed to take the floor. Seven of those representatives spoke on behalf of groups. Speaking on behalf of the “Group of Four” (Japan, Germany, India and Brazil), Japanese Ambassador Koro Bessho called for an enlargement in both the permanent and non-permanent categories is required. “There is broad support from Member States for this means of expanding Security Council membership. Enlargement should consider the contribution of Member States to the maintenance of international peace and security, and it needs to enhance regional representation in the Security Council by ensuring that the concerns and aspirations of unrepresented or underrepresented regions are adequately taken into consideration. In particular, the historical injustice that Africa has suffered should be redressed through representation both in the permanent category and in the non-permanent category”. (@OnuItalia)
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