NEW YORK, NOVEMBER 16 – Briefing the UN Security Council on the situation in Libya the UN Special Representative Ghassam Salame’ presented its members four challenges that need their support: the dire humanitarian crisis; addressing impunity for war crimes, confronting the economy of predation, safeguarding Libya’s frozen assets for future generations.
Salame’ told the Council in a meeting chaired by Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Angelino Alfano, that the United Nations is intensively trying to establish the proper political and technical conditions to hold elections. “Libyans deserve national uncontested institutions. Elections should take place when we are certain that they will not add a 3rd Parliament or 4th government”, he said.
The political process for a successful post-conflict transition in Libya has made significant headway over the past two months, the United Nations envoy for the North African country said. “The re-launch of the political process has created a new momentum,” Salamé told the Security Council. “I am pleased to see many constructive and peaceful debates on the future of the country,” he added.
The Action Plan for Libya was launched two months ago. The Plan is made of various ingredients, including amending the Libyan Political Agreement, organizing a National Conference, preparing for elections and providing humanitarian assistance, he explained. Libya is a nation without stark ethnic or sectarian divides, but with good education and a wealth of natural resources. Many challenges faced elsewhere are not there.
“But what might be mistaken for a homogenous nation, is actually a country divided at an atomic level,” Mr. Salamé said, noting that in the wake of the 2011 conflict, the national polity has been replaced by competing individual agendas. “Reconstituting the Libyan national polity is a must,” he said. Libya is also a country in dire need of humanitarian aid: “In the past, this country has been a donor to much of Africa, now 25 per cent of the population have humanitarian needs.” (@OnuItalia)